This project is aimed at advancing the understanding of the relationship between university-industry linkages, with particular emphasis to the generation of environmental innovations, and how they contribute to enhance regional competitiveness and environmental performances of local economic agents. This project stands across two relevant streams of study within the innovation literature – i.e. academia-business interactions and environmental innovation –, which have only rarely intersected. The results are expected to be highly relevant for both the academic and policy discourses. In the following sections, the policy context and the state of the art in the literature will be illustrated, followed by the research aims and originality.